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Archive for January, 2011

## The Staircase

Posted by Karl Sharman under Tom (13 Responds)

It is possible to climb three steps in exactly four different ways.
Ie:-
step 1 step 2 and step 3
step 1 step 3
step 2 step 3
step 3
How many ways can you climb ten steps? And for further entertainment – twenty steps?

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## Girls, girls, girls

Posted by Chris under Logic (139 Responds)

From the old ToM site, but severely edited. It got 63 replies.
I have three children. If at least one of them is a girl, what is the probability that all three of them are girls?
—–
See post 130 for a link to a Monte Carlo simulator.

## 5 Numbers

Posted by Karl Sharman under Tom (9 Responds)

For a set of 5 whole numbers, the mean is 4, the mode is 1 and the median is 5. What are the 5 numbers?

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## Impossible Number?

Posted by Karl Sharman under Tom (21 Responds)

Using the digits 1,2,3 & 4 and any of the basic rules of maths – add, subtract, divide, multiply and parentheses, what is the first natural, positive integer that cannot be obtained?

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## Adds up to a Thousand

Posted by Karl Sharman under Tom (14 Responds)

There are 3 different pairs of positive integers that add up to make 6:-
1+5=6
2+4=6
3+3=6
So how many different pairs of positive integers are there to make up 1,000?
As that is too easy, part 2 of the question…. How many different triplets of positive integers add up to make 1,000, and of course, how many different quads [...]

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## 29 times

Posted by Chris under MathsChallenge (13 Responds)

I found this on the old ToM site:
Let N be a positive integer. Find the smallest value of N (and the associated value of Y) such that 29*N = YNY (positional notation), where 1 ≤ Y ≤ 9.
e.g. I want something like: 345 * 29 = 23452
That example doesn’t work as the equation is false.
No [...]

## A Difficult Sequence

Posted by Al Gelman under Tom (37 Responds)

This is a tough one.
What is the next number in this sequence:
1,4,9,16, …
Note: the answer is NOT 25

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## More flipping coins

Posted by Chris under Logic (14 Responds)

You have 1025 coins in a bag. One of them is double headed. You pick one at random and flip it 10 times and get 10 heads. What is the probability that you had selected the double-headed coin?

## Ease Into The New Year

Posted by Karl Sharman under Tom (14 Responds)

1. Karl has half the Jelly Babies that Chris has. Wiz has 3 times as many as Karl. Together they have 72. How many Jelly Babies does each one have?
2. I am 14 inches taller than Al Gelman. The difference between myself and Nordtorp is two inches less than between Nordtorp and [...]

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